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Play, creativity and movement enhance insight and increase integration of new information into the mind, and make life more fun. Emotions are classified into nine states called the "Navarasa". They also contain about 25 g protein per g serving, a higher proportion than in many tree nuts. Bindy leads you on a shamanic soul sound journey to other worlds and deep spiritual levels with the tones that will connect you to your chakras, your guides and to the Divine. After a few months she found myself herself looking forward to class, motivated by both physical progress and the moving meditative state the breath work and flow through the asanas creates. He is a member of the Buddhist Peace Fellowship and a practitioner of engaged Buddhism.

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In West Africa, it substantially replaced a crop plant from the same family, the Bambara groundnut , whose seed pods also develop underground. In Asia, it became an agricultural mainstay and this region is now the largest producer in the world.

In the English-speaking world , peanut growing is most important in the United States. Although it was mainly a garden crop for much of the colonial period , it was mostly used as animal feed stock until the s.

George Washington Carver developed hundreds of recipes for peanuts during his tenure in the program. Like many other legumes, the leaves are nyctinastic , that is, they have "sleep" movements, closing at night. The flowers are 1. The ovary is located at the base of what appears to be the flower stem but is actually a highly elongated floral cup. Peanut pods develop underground, an unusual feature known as geocarpy.

This peg grows down into the soil, and the tip, which contains the ovary, develops into a mature peanut pod. Peanuts grow best in light, sandy loam soil with a pH of 5. Their capacity to fix nitrogen means that, providing they nodulate properly, peanuts benefit little or not at all from nitrogen-containing fertilizer , [20] and they improve soil fertility.

Therefore, they are valuable in crop rotations. Also, the yield of the peanut crop itself is increased in rotations, through reduced diseases, pests and weeds. Peanut plants continue to produce flowers when pods are developing, therefore even when they are ready for harvest, some pods are immature. The timing of harvest is an important decision to maximize yield. If it is too early, too many pods will be unripe. If too late, the pods will snap off at the stalk, and will remain in the soil.

Harvesting occurs in two stages: The machine lifts the "bush" from the ground and shakes it, then inverts the bush, leaving the plant upside down on the ground to keep the peanuts out of the soil. This allows the peanuts to dry slowly to a little less than a third of their original moisture level over a period of three to four days. Traditionally, peanuts were pulled and inverted by hand. After the peanuts have dried sufficiently, they are threshed , removing the peanut pods from the rest of the bush.

If they are too high in moisture, or if storage conditions are poor, they may become infected by the mold fungus Aspergillus flavus. Many strains of this fungus release toxic and highly carcinogenic substances called aflatoxins. There are many peanut cultivars grown around the world. Certain cultivar groups are preferred for particular characteristics, such as differences in flavor, oil content, size, shape, and disease resistance.

Spanish peanuts are used mostly for peanut candy, salted nuts, and peanut butter. Spanish peanuts have a higher oil content than other types of peanuts. Since , the southeastern US region has seen a shift to production of Runner group peanuts. This shift is due to good flavor, better roasting characteristics and higher yields when compared to Spanish types, leading to food manufacturers' preference for the use in peanut butter and salted nuts. They are increasing in popularity due to demand for large peanuts for processing, particularly for salting, confections, and roasting in the shells.

Virginia group peanuts are either bunch or running in growth habit. The bunch type is upright to spreading. Valencia group peanuts are coarse, and they have heavy reddish stems and large foliage. In the United States, large commercial production is primarily in the South Plains of West Texas and eastern New Mexico near and south of Portales, New Mexico , but they are grown on a small scale elsewhere in the South as the best-flavored and preferred type for boiled peanuts.

Peanut pods are borne on pegs arising from the main stem and the side branches. Most of the pods are clustered around the base of the plant, and only a few are found several inches away.

Valencia types are three- to five-seeded and smooth, with no constriction of the shell between the seeds. Seeds are oval and tightly crowded into the pods. Typical seed weight is 0. This type is used heavily for sale roasted and salted in-shell peanuts and peanut butter. Varieties include 'Valencia A' and 'Valencia C'. These are alike, except for the color of the seed. Sometimes known also as Texas Red or White, the plants are similar to Valencia types, except the stems are green to greenish brown, and the pods are rough, irregular, and have a smaller proportion of kernels.

In , world production of peanuts in shells was Other significant producers were Nigeria, the United States, and Sudan. In the United States, Georgia is the leading peanut-producing state, followed by Texas and Alabama, respectively.

Peanut oil is often used in cooking, because it has a mild flavor and a relatively high smoke point. Due to its high monounsaturated content, it is considered more healthful than saturated oils , and is resistant to rancidity.

The several types of peanut oil include: In the United States, refined peanut oil is exempt from allergen labeling laws. Peanut butter is a food paste or spread made from ground dry roasted peanuts. It often contains additional ingredients that modify the taste or texture, such as salt, sweeteners or emulsifiers. Peanut butter is served as a spread on bread, toast or crackers, and used to make sandwiches notably the peanut butter and jelly sandwich.

It is also used in a number of confections, such as peanut-flavored granola bars or croissants and other pastries. Peanut flour is used as a gluten-free solution.

In the US South, boiled peanuts are often prepared in briny water, and sold in street side stands. Peanuts are particularly common in Peruvian and Mexican cuisine, both of which marry indigenous and European ingredients. For instance, in Peru, a popular traditional dish is picante de cuy , [35] a roasted guinea pig served in a sauce of ground peanuts ingredients native to South America with roasted onions and garlic ingredients from European cuisine.

Also, in the Peruvian city of Arequipa , a dish called ocopa consists of a smooth sauce of roasted peanuts and hot peppers both native to the region with roasted onions, garlic, and oil, poured over meat or potatoes.

These dishes are generally known as ajíes , meaning "hot peppers", such as ají de pollo and ají de mariscos seafood ajíes may omit peanuts. Likewise, during colonial times in Peru, the Spanish used peanuts to replace nuts unavailable locally, but used extensively in Spanish cuisine , such as almonds and pine nuts, typically ground or as paste mixed with rice, meats, and vegetables for dishes like rice pilaf. Crunchy coated peanuts, called kabukim in Hebrew, are a popular snack in Israel.

Kabukim are commonly sold by weight at corner stores where fresh nuts and seeds are sold, though they are also available packaged. The coating typically consists of flour, salt, starch, lecithin, and sometimes sesame seeds.

The origin of the name is obscure it may be derived from kabuk which means nutshell or husk in Turkish. An additional variety of crunchy coated peanuts popular in Israel is "American peanuts". The coating of this variety is thinner, but harder to crack. Bamba puffs are a popular snack in Israel. Their shape is similar to Cheez Doodles , but they are made of peanuts and corn.

Peanuts are also widely used in Southeast Asian cuisine, such as in Malaysia , Vietnam , and Indonesia , where they are typically made into a spicy sauce.

Peanuts originally came to Indonesia from the Philippines , where the legume derived from Mexico in times of Spanish colonization. One Philippine dish using peanuts is kare-kare , a mixture of meat and peanut butter. Common Indonesian peanut-based dishes include gado-gado , pecel , karedok , and ketoprak , vegetable salads mixed with peanut sauce, and the peanut-based sauce, satay. In the Indian subcontinent , peanuts are a light snack, usually roasted and salted sometimes with the addition of chilli powder , and often sold roasted in pods or boiled with salt.

They are also made into dessert or sweet snack pieces by processing with refined sugar and jaggery. Indian cuisine uses roasted, crushed peanuts to give a crunchy body to salads; they are added whole without pods to leafy vegetable stews for the same reason. Another use is peanut oil for cooking. Most Indians use mustard , sunflower , and peanut oil for cooking.

In South India , groundnut chutney is eaten with dosa and idli at breakfast. Peanuts are also used in sweets and savory items in South India and also as a flavor in tamarind rice. Kovilpatti is known for its sweet peanut chikki , which is also used in savory and sweet mixtures, such as Bombay mix. Peanuts grow well in southern Mali and adjacent regions of the Ivory Coast , Burkina Faso , Ghana , Nigeria , and Senegal ; peanuts are similar in both agricultural and culinary qualities to the Bambara groundnut native to the region, and West Africans have adopted the crop as a staple.

Peanuts are used in the Malian meat stew maafe. In Ghana , peanut butter is used for peanut butter soup nkate nkwan. Peanut powder is an important ingredient in the spicy coating for kebabs in Nigeria and Ghana. Peanuts are a common ingredient of several types of relishes dishes which accompany nshima eaten in Malawi and in the eastern part of Zambia , and these dishes are common throughout both countries.

Thick peanut butter sauces are also made in Uganda to serve with rice and other starchy foods. Groundnut stew , locally called ebinyebwa in Uganda , is made by boiling ground peanut flour with other ingredients, such as cabbage , mushrooms , dried fish, meat or other vegetables.

In Canada and the United States, peanuts are used in candies, cakes, cookies, and other sweets. Individually, they are eaten dry-roasted with or without salt. Ninety-five percent of Canadians eat peanuts or peanut butter, with average consumption of 3 kilograms 6. Per person, Americans eat 6 pounds 2.

Peanuts are used to help fight malnutrition. Plumpy Nut , MANA Nutrition, [44] and Medika Mamba [45] are high-protein, high-energy, and high-nutrient peanut-based pastes developed to be used as a therapeutic food to aid in famine relief. Peanuts can be used like other legumes and grains to make a lactose -free, milk -like beverage, peanut milk , which is promoted in Africa as a way to reduce malnutrition among children.

Peanut plant tops and crop residues can be used for hay. The protein cake oilcake meal residue from oil processing is used as an animal feed and as a soil fertilizer. Groundnut cake is a livestock feed, mostly used by cattle as protein supplements. Other components are crude fiber, crude protein, and fat. Some peanuts can also be fed whole to livestock, for example those in excess of the peanut quota in the USA, or those with a higher aflatoxin content than that permitted by the food regulations.

Peanut processing often requires dehulling: Peanuts have a variety of industrial end uses. Paint, varnish, lubricating oil, leather dressings, furniture polish, insecticides, and nitroglycerin are made from peanut oil.

Soap is made from saponified oil, and many cosmetics contain peanut oil and its derivatives. The protein portion is used in the manufacture of some textile fibers.

Peanut shells are used in the manufacture of plastic, wallboard, abrasives, fuel, cellulose used in rayon and paper , and mucilage glue. Peanuts are rich in essential nutrients right table, USDA nutrient data. They also contain about 25 g protein per g serving, a higher proportion than in many tree nuts.

Some studies show that regular consumption of peanuts is associated with a lower specific risk of mortality from certain diseases. Peanuts contain polyphenols , polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats , phytosterols and dietary fiber in amounts similar to several tree nuts.

Practicing Yoga began 29 years ago and teaching Yoga for rejuvenation, health maintenance and stress reduction began 17 years ago. He studied and practiced for 24 years with his Guru and Yoga teacher Dr. John presently teaches Yoga for rejuvenation and maintenance of physical and mental health.

Nyasa denotes "to place" and vi denotes "in a special way. This class will use uplifting music to sequence you through both traditional and variations of Sun Salutation sequences designed to build strength and balance. Prepare to energize the chakras and leave feeling strong, energized and refreshed! She has been a yoga practitioner since and was immediately drawn to the physical and spiritual peace and balance attained through her practice.

She has studied many styles of yoga ranging from Prenatal to Ashtanga and brings a unique blend of these to her classes. When not practicing yoga, Brandy spends time with her husband, their two young boys and family dog. We will practice simple yoga poses, deep breathing, and visualization. A variety of mandala drawings will be provided to help us focus and unwind.

We will also try group mandala shapes and spend some time resting in a guided relaxation. Feel how comfortable and fun yoga can be!

Parents, please accompany your young children; older children and teens may attend without parents present. Michelle Wilson values the healing qualities of yoga and enjoys working with people of all ages and abilities including children, families, and students with special needs.

Michelle offers custom yoga and creative dance programs through Yoga with Michelle and teaches regularly at Moving Spirit. When she is not teaching yoga, she can be found leading challenge course programs for Project Adventure. She works with people to help them live the lives they truly desire. The space she holds is full of love, compassion, empowerment and unity.

Bindy leads you on a shamanic soul sound journey to other worlds and deep spiritual levels with the tones that will connect you to your chakras, your guides and to the Divine. Join in with these ancient vibrations, open you hearts and expand.

The gifts are as endless and abundant as we desire them to be. Bindy Johnson began her spiritual journey at a young age when her mother shared ancient Persian medicine with her and taught her hypnosis and meditation to release pain or heavy energy within her body.

For the past 17 years she has been helping people live healthier lives through full body and spirit wellness. Bindy is also a mother which in itself has brought endless gifts in lessons and happiness. Her journeys have left her with a deep appreciation for life, culture and the beauty of just being. Visit her at Bindy. She has designed and led workshops for conferences of the Parliament of the World's Religions, The Labyrinth Society and the Labyrinth Guild of New England, and has brought and taught about the labyrinth in corporate, health care, and religious settings.

Barb has hosted countless public labyrinth walks, and has led labyrinth tours in New England and abroad. Mia Corinha on right first learned about Labyrinths from the well-known geomancer Sig Lonegren in the mid s. She has led experiential labyrinth workshops for the Guild, the Labyrinth Society, and other venues in the US and abroad. She lives in Nahant, MA with her husband, 2 cats, and a Labyrinth in the back yard.

In our fast paced lives, we need a simple way to reset ourselves and draw on that limitless reservoir of healing and vitality that is our birthright. This class will use the dynamic movements and breathing of Kundalini Yoga to release old patterns and reconnect with deep peacefulness.

We will lift our hearts up and create new positive patterns with live mantra music, and enter into deep relaxation through the healing sounds of the gong. Dharam Singh brings a unique and earthy perspective to the Kundalini Yoga community that is inspired by broad exposure to Native American Shamanism, Tibetan Buddhism and Reichian Body-centered Therapy. His lifelong passion for the transformative power of sound and music has found a place in the use of the Gong as a tool for deep healing since ' Dharam is a long time student of Yogi Bhajan and a resident of Guru Ram Das Ashram where he is the go-to guy for anything related to Gong, including buying one - www.

He is part of the 'threesome' that leads the monthly Full Moon Gong event in Millis. She facilitates health and wellness, art and yoga, and mindfulness programs and workshop and trainings for teachers, parents, children, and adults. She is also an artist and art instructor and is the co-founder of the Inman Square Gallery.

He has been developing music for Kundalini meditation and specific yoga techniques since and currently teaches and performs at Kundalini Yoga at Kundalini Yoga Boston. Gurusangat is also a member of the amazing GuruGanesha Band! His background in jazz performance, composition, and music instruction allow him to fully engage the dynamic rhythms and subtle nuances present in mantra meditation techniques, and in Kundalini yoga.

He leads chanting and still performs jazz regularly in the Boston area, while maintaining an active teaching schedule at his Cambridge music studio. Visit Gurusangat Singh on the web at www. The JFS is a valuable tool to learn experiental anatomy. When combined with Ujjayi breathing it becomes a deeply relaxing, vata balancing practice.

Daily practice of this simple 45 minute practice can relieve pain and leave you feeling peaceful and rested! A profound therapy tool! Mangala is a Senior SYT teacher and currently trains teachers and therapists. Being steeped in spiritual practice as well as possessing a Master's Degree in Exercise Physiology makes her uniquely qualifyed to present this material. Come experience the joy of trying fun postures, the aliveness of taking a leap of faith and the magic of choosing love over fear!

In this class - serenity, strength and spirit become one! She combines devotion to the Divine with a wicked sense of humor. Her classes are inspired by: Through her guidance of courage, kindness, possibility and faith, she encourages students to celebrate their strength and to honor the teacher that resides within their own heart. It is native to the Indian sub-continent and is an integral part of the rich Vedic heritage.

Ayurveda is an art of daily living that has evolved from deep philosophical, spiritual and practical insights which have been perfected over centuries of practice and wisdom. Ayurveda places great emphasis on prevention and encourages the maintenance of health through diet and lifestyle, proper cooking methods, yoga and meditation practices, proper exercise, nutrition as well as cleansing and rejuvenating Ayurvedic therapies.

This session will introduce some key concepts in Ayurveda. Pratibha Shah holds a Post Graduate degree in Ayurveda and has been practicing Ayurveda for more than 20 yrs. She conducts and speaks at events all year round. She also writes health columns and articles for different magazines and newspapers, and serves on the Editorial Board of a leading Ayurveda journal. Presently, she is on the executive body of several National and International Ayurvedic organizations and is working towards promotion, propagation as well as integration of Ayurveda with mainstream medicine, globally.

Then, we will allow ourselves to enter the stillness of a beautiful sanctuary space and experience a guided meditation which will lead us into a place inside of stillness and peace. Meditation calms and focuses the mind and allows us to tap into the potential for deep peace that heals the whole being.

Join us on this inner journey. Managed entirely through a network of volunteers from all sections of the community, the BKWSO works internationally to promote peace and positive change in society. This fun fusion of bhangra and Bollywood is an exciting dance fitness blend of high energy bhangra beats, hot Bollywood style, and the most fun you've ever had in a workout!

No dance experience is required and all fitness levels are welcome. Come rock it out Masala Bhangra style! Teaching Masala Bhangra Workout for over a year, she's been a student of yoga for nearly 40 years. Now a member of the "half century club" she's taking it to the next level -- keeping active and staying fit into her 50's and beyond teaching Masala Bhangra Workout!

The meditative flow will transcend all of us as we simply move and breathe together. Ginny Jackson has over thirty years of experience working in the field of health and wellness. She has run wellness programs in Vermont and South Carolina and is very well known in this area with regards to yoga and Somatics a specific form of movement re-education.

Ginny holds a Masters Degree in Exercise Physiology and is a certified Kripalu yoga teacher and a licensed massage therapist. Her overall goal is to help each person reach and achieve their individual movement potential. For more information visit www. As a result of combined auric fields there is a significant increase in balance, coordination and strength. It allows participants to experience postures they may not be able to do alone.

It is an exhilarating experience that leaves one feeling powerful, focused and released. Partner postures include standing poses, balances, seated poses, prone and simple inversions.

Join Maureen Spencer, RN in this fun interactive class that will release heat in the tissues, stagnation in organs and stuck thoughts in the mind. You will love the stimulating music that will work the chakras as you do the poses! In she became certified in Vibroacoustic Sound Healing and completed training as a Clinical Aromatherapist in Her practice is currently closed to new clients. Maureen was a founding member of the hospital's Council on Integrative Medicine and developed a Reiki policy for the Patient Care Services.

Maureen started practicing yoga when she was By the time she was 17 in nursing school, she started teaching her classmates yoga. It has been a passion of hers all her life. In , she started the Finding Inner Peace Yoga Teacher Certification and has been training yoga teachers since then.

She sees yoga as her calling in life and is committed to continuing the practice and training for other yoga enthusiasts. In , she developed the Yoga School Kit to teach qualified yoga teachers how to set up an affiliate location.

Sudhir will share what he practices on regular basis and will also talk about how to heal through Pranayam and reach Samadhi!

Pranayam ke dvara, Vyaadhi se Samadhi tak ki yatra!!! According to Vedanta the motive behind all human actions is the pursuit of happiness.

So, what you think are the impediments to your happiness? You will be happy that you did: Sanjay Saxena runs a spiritual ministry www. Both organize several spiritual celebrations at local temples. They are volunteers for All WorldGayatri Pariwar, a mission committed to bringing about "Thought Revolution" and transformation of consciousness for the bright future of humanity.

Move from your breath. Join Sandy Bothmer as she guides you in an organic expression of your spirit self. This process may become a part of your personal practice.

Come ready to move. Bring a water bottle, journal, shawl or wrap, yoga mat, and a desire to connect to and express your inner self for improved well-being. Sandy Bothmer has practiced yoga for fifteen years and has reaped its many benefits.

She has an M. Sandy has a private practice in energy medicine working with adults and children, some on the autistic spectrum, anxiety issues, and ADHD. Passionate is the best word to describe her interest in helping others find inner peace through her Moving From Within workshops where movement, asanas, and pranayama merge into an authentic expression of self. Victoria currently focuses her energy as the Director of The Baba Siri Chand Yoga Center in Millis, Ma where she combines her many skills to facilitate healing and empowerment with clients and students.

She is also available for workshops, consulting and private sessions. To contact Victoria directly please e-mail DivinePrincessofLight gmail. CHAIR YOGA with Jessica Lang Wright Chair Yoga incorporates the use of a chair into the practice that the student uses to support them so they may receive the very same benefits as mat yoga without the stress and strain of getting down to or up from the floor.

Meditation, breath work and chanting are incorporated, just like a regular mat yoga class. Chair yoga can help you feel better and regain strength and flexibility.

Jessica specifically uses the methods learned in Laskshmi Voelker Chair Yoga certification to help students gain all the benefits of yoga from a comfortable seat. Chair yoga is for every body! Jessica incorporates her varied background into her classes which include pranayama, chanting with the accompaniment of the harmonium, meditation, and a flowing asana practice with careful attention to alignment of the body in each of the poses.

She was inspired by a personal illness to become certified in chair yoga as a way to allow people that might not be able to take a mat class to experience everything that yoga has to offer. Nia is a dynamic movement and transformational lifestyle practice with opportunity to move and play, to express and explore, get fit, and to personally develop by making a deeper, and richer connection to the body.

Nia teaches people of all lifestyles and abilities to explore movement guided by the Sensation of Pleasure, vs No Pain- No Gain and allows participants to move towards their personal health and well being goals as well as achieving stability, mobility, balance, strength, agility, and cardio benefits. Laura Selmer is a lifelong lover of dance and licensed Nia Instructor since Through professional and personal experience she is able to explore and teach movement as an expressive means and creative healing tool.

RxRelax with Jay Gupta What is the perfect prescription for inner peace? RxRelax is a pratyahar practice that leads to inner peace, inner awareness. Come explore the path of this guided, deeply relaxing experience!

In a scientific manner, it releases tension and defrags the unconscious, relaxes and trains the mind, and opens us to higher levels of creativity and capacity. We'll also work with our Sankalpa , or powerful resolve.

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