What's the best diet for diabetes?
Keep up the great work! Have a life outside of weight loss. For me, this was very doable following their diet plan. I started the program today, January 1st. My goal was to loose 30 lbs. Hi John — Thanks for the feedback, appreciate it! Then there was still the money issue.
2. Forget About Working Out
Certain cocktails, for example, contain fats. Wine and beer both have high carbohydrate content. An example of how many calories can be easily consumed can be seen with a small glass of wine: Beer contains more carbohydrates although many of the "Lite" beers have a carb content similar to a glass of wine and less alcohol than wine, but is seen as being more fattening, due to its higher energy content.
While drinking, people usually will not stop to consider the impact alcohol is having on their bodies; such is alcohol's affect on loosening the inhibitions. The result of this relaxed thinking could mean more calories consumed and extra body fat gains.
Those drinking might also eat more of the wrong kinds of food, without thinking of the consequences. Alcohol tends to have an appetite stimulating effect as it provides little in the way of nutrition, leaving a craving for other foods at the time of consumption.
Add this to the fact that fatty and salty foods tend to accompany most occasions featuring alcohol as well as alcohol actually stimulating one's appetite for these kinds of foods , and the general loosening of resolve that goes with an inebriated mindset, and you have a recipe for excess fat gain.
Given alcohol is a by-product of yeast digestion; it can have an irritating effect on the lining of the stomach and gradually weaken the kidneys and liver, leading to serious health problems—even death in certain instances. Any weakening of the stomach will lessen the rate and efficiency at which food is digested, which ultimately interferes with a healthy metabolism and the weight loss process.
The liver—which processes toxins and breaks down fats for fuel—is crucial when it comes to maintaining a healthy body composition. Alcohol is at its most destructive during the liver's detoxification process. Testosterone, which has a powerful fat loss effect, is reduced whenever alcohol is consumed, thus halting its full potential as a fat burner.
Also, testosterone as an anabolic hormone, contributes to gains in lean muscle mass. Lowered testosterone means fewer muscle gains, and less muscle means a lowered metabolic rate. A lower metabolic rate will make the job of losing fat all the more harder. This is what governs the way we use energy. Those with a higher metabolic rate will burn more calories at rest.
By interfering with testosterone production, alcohol indirectly causes the body to lower its metabolic rate and thus the rate at which it uses energy and directly prohibits testosterone from exerting its powerful fat-burning effects.
Touched on briefly in point two, alcohol can increase appetite, making the combination of alcohol and a fattening meal all the more worse.
A Canadian study showed that alcohol consumed before a meal increased caloric intake to a far greater extent than did a carbohydrate drink. Also, researchers from Denmark's Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University showed that if a group of men were given a meal and allowed to eat as much as they wanted, alcohol, rather than a soft drink, would increase the amount of food consumed. To gain an understanding of why alcohol affects us the way it does, it is important to known how it is processed in the body.
Alcohol is generally absorbed fairly rapidly, but its absorption can be quickened depending on several factors:. The amount of alcohol in a standard drink will take around 10 hours for the average person to process, which means the more that is consumed at any one point, the greater the rise in blood alcohol content.
When the liver processes alcohol, it does so in one of two ways. For the most part, alcohol is broken down by the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase ADH, which is contained in the liver cells. ADH then metabolizes the alcohol into acetaldehyde. Acetaldehyde is broken down into acetate by another enzyme, aldehyde dehydrogenase. In the final stage, the acetate is further metabolized to where it eventually exits the body as waste products carbon dioxide and water.
The other way alcohol can be processed is a less common alternative, which uses a different set of liver enzymes. This alternative pathway, called the microsomal ethanol-oxidizing system, is used when the blood has very high levels of alcohol. The alcohol content of our most popular beverages varies, so it is important to know exactly what percentage of alcohol is in any given drink if one is wanting to limit all the empty calories.
The following percentages are usually contained in each standard drink—five ounces of wine, 12 ounces of beer or 1. If you really have to drink, what are the best choices?
Some lower calorie brands to hit the market are showing promise, as are some of the more traditional alternatives. As shown above, total caloric content of various alcoholic drinks varies, with beer generally containing the highest number, considering the smaller amount of alcohol found in this drink compared with others.
Various spirits also known as liquor generally contain around 64 calories per nip, but these do add up depending on the strength of the drink for example, a double will contain two nips, or calories. Wine generally contains around to calories per medium sized glass. It also contains more alcohol than beer given the same volume, making it a better choice calorie-wise, as less would be consumed at any one sitting.
Liqueurs, although usually around calories per nip, are often consumed with other, often-higher calorie mixers such as coke or milk to make cocktails, bumping the calorie content way up. It is usually consumed nips at a time given its lower alcohol strength. It is definitely one worth avoiding if weight loss is the aim. Drink alcohol with a lower caloric value, and a higher alcohol percentage like wine for example. Less will be consumed, meaning lower overall calorie consumption. Try sparkling water with a twist of lemon or lime instead.
Cut down on creamers and sweeteners you add to tea and coffee. Buy unsweetened iced tea, plain yogurt, or unflavored oatmeal, for example, and add sweetener or fruit yourself. Check labels and opt for low sugar products and use fresh or frozen ingredients instead of canned goods. Be especially aware of the sugar content of cereals and sugary drinks. Avoid processed or packaged foods like canned soups, frozen dinners, or low-fat meals that often contain hidden sugar.
Prepare more meals at home. You can boost sweetness with mint, cinnamon, nutmeg, or vanilla extract instead of sugar. Refined Carbs and Sugar: Find healthy ways to satisfy your sweet tooth. Instead of ice cream, blend up frozen bananas for a creamy, frozen treat. Or enjoy a small chunk of dark chocolate, rather than a milk chocolate bar. Start with half of the dessert you normally eat, and replace the other half with fruit.
And cocktails mixed with soda and juice can be loaded with sugar. Choose calorie-free mixers, drink only with food, and monitor your blood glucose as alcohol can interfere with diabetes medication and insulin.
Being smart about sweets is only part of the battle. Sugar is also hidden in many packaged foods, fast food meals, and grocery store staples such as bread, cereals, canned goods, pasta sauce, margarine, instant mashed potatoes, frozen dinners, low-fat meals, and ketchup. The first step is to spot hidden sugar on food labels, which can take some sleuthing:. Manufacturers are required to provide the total amount of sugar in a serving but do not have to spell out how much of this sugar has been added and how much is naturally in the food.
The trick is deciphering which ingredients are added sugars. Aside from the obvious ones— sugar, honey, molasses —added sugar can appear as agave nectar, cane crystals, corn sweetener, crystalline fructose, dextrose, evaporated cane juice, fructose, high-fructose corn syrup, invert sugar, lactose, maltose, malt syrup , and more.
A wise approach is to avoid products that have any of these added sugars at or near the top of the list of ingredients—or ones that have several different types of sugar scattered throughout the list. The trick is that each sweetener is listed separately. The contribution of each added sugar may be small enough that it shows up fourth, fifth, or even further down the list.
But add them up and you can get a surprising dose of added sugar. The most damaging fats are artificial trans fats, which make vegetable oils less likely to spoil. The healthiest fats are unsaturated fats, which come from fish and plant sources such as olive oil, nuts, and avocados.
Omega-3 fatty acids fight inflammation and support brain and heart health. Good sources include salmon, tuna, and flaxseeds. Good, Bad, and the Power of Omega-3s. Two of the most helpful strategies involve following a regular eating schedule and recording what you eat. Your body is better able to regulate blood sugar levels—and your weight—when you maintain a regular meal schedule.
Aim for moderate and consistent portion sizes for each meal. Start your day off with a good breakfast. It will provide energy as well as steady blood sugar levels. Eat regular small meals—up to 6 per day. Eating regularly will help you keep your portions in check. Keep calorie intake the same. To regulate blood sugar levels, try to eat roughly the same amount every day, rather than overeating one day or at one meal, and then skimping the next.
Exercise can help you manage your weight and may improve your insulin sensitivity. You can also try swimming, biking, or any other moderate-intensity activity that has you working up a light sweat and breathing harder. Dieting Tips that Work. Learn how to lose weight and keep it off. If your last diet attempt wasn't a success, or life events have caused you to gain weight, don't be discouraged. The key is to find a plan that works with your body's individual needs so that you can avoid common diet pitfalls and find long-term, weight loss success.
Reducing Sugar and Salt: Diabetes Myths — American Diabetes Association. Including sweets in your meal plan — Mayo Clinic. The content of this reprint is for informational purposes only and NOT a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis, or treatment.
ORG Trusted guide to mental health Toggle navigation. The Diabetes Diet Healthy Eating Tips to Prevent, Control, and Reverse Diabetes People with diabetes have nearly double the risk of heart disease and are at a greater risk of developing mental health disorders such as depression. What's the best diet for diabetes? The biggest risk for diabetes: You are at an increased risk of developing diabetes if you are: A woman with a waist circumference of 35 inches or more A man with a waist circumference of 40 inches or more Calories obtained from fructose found in sugary beverages such as soda, energy and sports drinks, coffee drinks, and processed foods like doughnuts, muffins, cereal, candy and granola bars are more likely to add weight around your abdomen.
Myths and facts about diabetes and diet Myth: You must avoid sugar at all costs. You have to cut way down on carbs. A high-protein diet is best. Eat more Healthy fats from nuts, olive oil, fish oils, flax seeds, or avocados Fruits and vegetables—ideally fresh, the more colorful the better; whole fruit rather than juices High-fiber cereals and breads made from whole grains Fish and shellfish, organic chicken or turkey High-quality protein such as eggs, beans, low-fat dairy, and unsweetened yogurt Eat less Trans fats from partially hydrogenated or deep-fried foods Packaged and fast foods, especially those high in sugar, baked goods, sweets, chips, desserts White bread, sugary cereals, refined pastas or rice Processed meat and red meat Low-fat products that have replaced fat with added sugar, such as fat-free yogurt Choose high-fiber, slow-release carbs Carbohydrates have a big impact on your blood sugar levels—more so than fats and proteins—so you need to be smart about what types of carbs you eat.
What about the glycemic index? The true health benefits of using the GI remain unclear.